An estimated 5 million American alligators are spread out across the southeastern Unites States. Roughly 1.25 million alligators live in the state of Florida.

American Alligator
The American Alligator is known as the largest reptile in North America. Not only are Alligators the official state reptile of Florida, the American Alligator is the mascot of the University of Florida.

Information & Facts:

Food Habits

Alligators are opportunistic feeders. Their diets include prey species that are abundant and easily accessible. Juvenile alligators eat primarily insects, amphibians, small fish, and other invertebrates. Adult alligators eat rough fish, snakes, turtles, small mammals, and birds. Go to the following links for more information:


Nearly all alligators become sexually mature by the time they reach approximately 7 feet in length although females can reach maturity at 6 feet. A female may require 10-15 years and a male 8-12 years to reach these lengths. Courtship begins in early April, and mating occurs in May or June. Females build a mound nest of soil, vegetation, or debris and deposit an average of 32 to 46 eggs in late June or early July. Incubation requires approximately 63-68 days, and hatching occurs from mid-August through early September.

Alligators in the Everglades have a clever way to catch egrets during breeding season.

The gators and crocs of the Everglades learn what makes a tasty meal — and what doesn’t.

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American Alligator

American Alligator

Conservation Status

Least Concern (IUCN 2.3)

Scientific Classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Crocodilia
Family: Alligatoridae
Genus: Alligator
A. mississippiensis
Binomial Name

Alligator Mississippiensis

Approximate range of American Alligator